English 470
The Romantic Period
Industrial Romanticism
Steven Jones
Spring 1999
Crown 339

Engine   Babbage
 Engine   Babbage
 Engine   another


Tom Standage article (in FEED) on Babbage

The Science Museum (London)

Victorian Economics (The Victorian Web)

Romantic Chronology

Romantic Circles

Voice of the Shuttle


[unless otherwise noted, readings are in anthology, Romanticism, ed. Duncan Wu]

Patrick O'Brien and Roland Quinault, eds. The Industrial Revolution and British Society (Cambridge UP, 1993)

[anon.] from General Ludd's Triumph

William Blake, The William Blake Archive

Charlotte Brontë, Shirley

Robert Burns, "For a' That and a' That"; "To a Mountain Daisy"; "To A Mouse"; "To the Weaver's Gin ye Go"

Lord Byron, letter; parliamentary speech, "Song for the Luddites", "Ode to the Framers of the Frame Bill," "Prometheus," "Darkness," Don Juan (Dedication)

John Clare, The Village Minstrel and other poems--esp.: "The Village Minstrel,""After Reading in a letter..." [pt. 3], "Song: 'Swamps of wild rush-beds'" [pt. 4], "Langley Bush" [pt. 5], "May-Day" [pt. 6], "Helpstone Green" [pt. 8], "The Cress Gatherer" [pt. 9]; "The Mores"; from "June"

Mary Collier, "A Woman's Labour"
cf. Duck in parallel texts

George Crabbe, The Village, I

Charles Dickens, Hard Times (Broadview edition)

Stephen Duck, "The Thresher's Labour"
cf. Collier in parallel texts

Ebenezer Elliott, from Corn Law Rhymes, from Poetical Works (in LION: "Hymn written for the printers of Sheffield,""The Fatal Birth,""Prologue to The Corn-Law Rhymes,""The Home of Taste,""Song: Free Trade, like religion,""Verses on the opening of the Sheffield and Rotherham Railway,""Lines on...Sheffield Mechanics' first exhibition,""Steam in the Desert,""British Rural Cottages,""Adam Smith in 1766,""Epigram: Free trade means,""Epigram: What is a Communist?","Artisan's Outdoor Hymn")

Oliver Goldsmith, "The Deserted Village"

Felicia Hemans, "The Homes of England"

John Keats, "To one who has been long in city pent"; "Robin Hood"; "To Autumn"; Ode on a Grecian Urn"; "The Fall of Hyperion"

"Life of the Industrial Worker in the 19th Century" (various excerpts)

Robert Owen, "Observations on the Effect of the Manufacturing System"

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein (Broadview edition, and cf. SGML version at U.Va.)

Percy Bysshe Shelley, "England in 1819"; "Song to the Men of England"; The Mask of Anarchy, Prometheus Unbound

Jonathan Swift, "On Stephen Duck"

G. Taylor, "Distress of the Poor"

John Thelwall, "The Old Peasant"

E.P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class

Arnold Toynbee, from "Lectures on the Industrial Revolution"

Dorothy Wordsworth, selections from Journals

William Wordsworth, "Composed Upon Westminster Bridge, 3 Sept. 1802,""The Female Vagrant," "Michael, A Pastoral Poem", "We Are Seven", "Nutting", "The Last of the Flock", "Lines Written in Early Spring", "The World is Too Much With Us", "Repentance: a Pastoral Ballad", "Steamboats, Viaducts, and Railways", "On the Projected . . . Railway"


Jan. 19

Introductory discussion: The "Industrial Revolution" and the "Romantic Movement" (Blake and Burns)

Jan. 26

O'Brien and Quinault, chapts. 1-3; Stephen Duck; Mary Collier; Jonathan Swift

Feb. 2

Oliver Goldsmith; George Crabbe

Feb. 9

William Wordsworth, Lyrical Ballads, etc. (see links above); E.P. Thompson, chapter 7

Feb. 16

William Blake, Songs of Innocence & of Experience; E.P. Thompson, chapter 2

Feb. 23

John Keats; John Clare; Robert Burns; Felicia Hemans

Mar. 2

E.P. Thompson, chapter 14 (concentrate on pp. 521-602); O'Brien and Quinault (Stevenson, chapter 10)); Kirkpatrick Sale, esp. chpts. 1, 2, 10 (on reserve)

3/9-3/14 Spring break

Mar. 16

Byron; anon., "General Ludd's Triumph;" Robert Owen; E.P. Thompson, pp. 779-90; G. Taylor

Mar. 23

No class

Mar. 30

O'Brien and Quinault (Quinault); Percy Bysshe Shelley; Ebenezer Elliott

Apr. 6

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein; Or, the Modern Prometheus

Apr. 13

Charles Dickens, Hard Times; Life of the Industrial Worker (excerpts)

Apr. 20

Charlotte Brontë, Shirley

Apr. 27

(continued, TBA)


1. One or two 10-15 minute class presentation(s).
2. Final project--either a 20-page critical essay or (with approval) a portion of a collaborative hypertext.